Penggunaan Has Been Have Been Had Been dalam Bahasa Inggris

Penggunaan has been, have been, dan had been adalah salah satu ilmu yang harus kamu ketahui untuk menguasai bahasa Inggris. Ketiganya termasuk to be yang punya peran penting dalam kalimat-kalimat berbentuk perfect tense. Kamu ingin tahu gimana cara yang benar dalam menggunakan has been, have been, dan had been? Simak penjelasan lengkap plus latihan soalnya dari Kampung Inggris di bawah ini.

Penggunaan Has Been

Has been adalah to be untuk subyek He – She – It (orang ketiga) yang digunakan dalam dua bentuk tenses, yaitu present perfect (nominal) dan present perfect continuous (nominal dan verbal).

Dalam present perfect nominal, has been berfungsi menerangkan suatu kondisi yang telah dialami seseorang.

Sementara itu dalam present perfect continuous, has been dipakai untuk menerangkan aktivitas/peristiwa yang dimulainya di masa lalu, tapi masih berlangsung sampai sekarang.

Contoh has been dalam present perfect

  • At least she has been a nurse before she dies
  • My father has been a marketing director of the company for 10 years
  • He has been sick for a week before he is admitted to the hospital

*tulisan miring berarti kondisi yang telah dialami

Contoh has been dalam present perfect continuous

  • Mom has been waiting for you for two hours, where have you been?!
  • The alarm has been ringing for all day long
  • He has been calling us for some minutes, but we don’t hear it

*tulisan miring adalah kejadian yang sudah dimulai dan masih terjadi

Penggunaan Have Been

Di antara has been, have been, dan had been, mimin Kampung Inggris merasa have been adalah yang paling sulit dipahami. Bagi orang yang tidak terlalu mempelajari to be, pasti mereka mengira perbedaan has been dan have been hanya terletak di subyeknya, padahal bukan seperti itu.

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Memang, sama seperti has been, have been juga berfungsi sebagai to be dalam present perfect dan present perfect continuous. Subyek yang menggunakan have been adalah I, you, we, dan they.

Contoh have been dalam present perfect

  • We have been deceived by her innocent face
  • They have been registered on this competition, no need to worry
  • You have been smitten by Alex, haven’t you?

Contoh have been dalam present perfect continuous

  • Please stop it, you have been arguing for half an hour!
  • I have been completing my endless homework
  • They have been deciding the most suitable solution for their problem

Akan tetapi, have been juga berfungsi sebagai to be future perfect continuous tense. Semua subyek dalam future perfect continuous tense menggunakan have been sebagai to be-nya.

Contoh have been dalam future perfect continuous

  • She will have been driving to New York when you come
  • They will have been starting the match in the meantime
  • I will have been sleeping when she arrived home
  • Raka will have been helping us at 5 this evening, so you don’t need to come

Penggunaan Had Been

Had been adalah hal terakhir yang akan kita bahas dalam materi penggunaan has been, have been, dan had been ini. Tidak seribet has been dan have been kok, karena saat menggunakan had been kamu tidak perlu mengingat subyek kalimatnya.

Had been hanya digunakan dalam dua jenis tenses, yaitu past perfect dan past perfect continuous, kamu bisa simak contoh-contoh kalimatnya di bawah ini.

Contoh had been dalam past perfect

  • They had been married for 20 years before divorced some months ago
  • I had been become an undergraduate student in 2011
  • She had been kidnapped for 11 days but the kidnapper took her home yesterday
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Contoh had been dalam past perfect continuous

  • Kelly had been waiting for her lovely husband until she died
  • We had been searching for him, but we couldn’t find him until 2 years ago
  • You had been loving Indra unrequitedly for years until you met Hasan and married to him

Latihan: Penggunaan Has Been, Have Been, dan Had Been

 

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